Post by legionnaire on Aug 20, 2008 19:56:26 GMT -5
Enlistedman, Philippine Commonwealth Army 1930's 1st Division
The 1st regular “Tabak” ( Bolo/dagger) division of the Philippine Army was activated on 18 June 1936. Formally organized on 5 May 1936 in Camp Murphy, Philippines as the nucleus of the Philippine Commonwealth standing army. It was initially and mostly filled by regular troops from the Philippine Constabulary personnel and later strengthened in 1941 when war loomed in the pacific region.
Apparently, the 1st and only "Regular" PA Division "Tabak" became something of a "showpiece" which Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon used during the pre-war years to demonstrate that he was doing his best to bolster the defenses of the Philippine Islands impeding Japanese aggression. So from 1939 up to the outbreak of the war, this "Regular" Philippine Army division did parades and demonstration maneuvers to show to the press of that time.
The only notable "action" the 1st ID did was to send off a detachment to fight the Moros in Mindanao. according to the historian, Rico Jose in his book "The Philippine Army, 1935-1942"........
"In late March of 1937 a Muslim band operating from cottas (forts) ambushed some soldiers on patrol. The result was a long campaign launched by the army to crush the forts, some of which were linked together by underground tunnels. Col. Miguel Nicdao, district commander for Mindanao, was given carte blanche by Jorge Vargas and was authorized to use the mailed fist to deal with the recalcitrant Muslim band, but the Muslim rebels, familiar with the terrain, were able to slip out after suffering some losses. A unit of the First Regular Division in camp Murphy was shipped out to Lanao to aid the Constabulary division's troops; machine guns and mortars were used in this, the (Philippine Commonwealth) army's first major combat operation."
The division was inducted into the United States Armed Forces in the Far East and prominently figured in the Bataan and Corregidor campaigns during the Second World War. The First 'Regular" Division's personnel were largely parceled off to bolster deficiencies in other units, particularly the reserve divisions of the Philippine army. The Tabak division never fought as a single division strengthened unit during the 1941-42 Philippine campaign. So it was as detachments of the division or individual members of this division serving after transfer to other units did people "from" this division gain any distinction.
Reactivated as a Combat Ready Division on 1 October 1957, absorbing 25 Battalion Combat Teams that carried the brunt of the anti-Huk campaign in the 50’s. It served under the United Nations Command during the Korean War and trained AFP elements composing the PhilCAG sent to Vietnam. It played a vital role in anti-insurgency campaigns in Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley in the 1960s. It was deployed in Sulu, Basilan and Tawi-Tawi during the outbreak of the Muslim secessionist movement in 1973 and continues to be the guardians of peace in western Mindanao up to the present.
Ganda. Were their khaki shorts just, well, short versions of the standard WW2 khaki trousers or were there particularities? Is there any exact spec for length?
I like the OD #3 touch/differentiation applied to the cartridge belts.
I think this rounds up every possible major unit from the Revolutionary War onwards? This site currently has representations of:
Revolutionary War troops Phil. Constabulary Phil. Scouts Commonwealth Army Immediate post-WW2 Phil. Army Anti-HUK BCTs (pics) PEFTOK na lang yata saka PHILCAG kulang, and contempo AFP, of course, from Marcos' Martial Law enforcers down to more recent units.
Post by legionnaire on Aug 21, 2008 13:28:54 GMT -5
Thanks for appreciating my collection.
As for khaki shorts as far as I know the Commonwealth Army of the Philippines were locally made and supplied with shorts. Khaki fabric was readily available at that time so likely this was used. As for the spec of the length only the PA archives would have those info. We just use photos of that period were you can probably estimate the length based on the average height of the Filipino enlistedman.
As for the Peftok, philcap and present day AFP, Perry Javier has the best and most complete collection and presentation display .