Were the Illustrados part of the Illuminati? Jun 29, 2009 9:13:57 GMT -5
Post by RayAdillO on Jun 29, 2009 9:13:57 GMT -5
The Germans bought from the Spanish what the Americans left of the Spanish empire in the pacific...The Marianas, the Carolines, etc. This is why there is a "Bismarck Sea" in the Pacific.
The German fleet which was anchored just off Manila Bay was even more numerous and powerful than Dewey's own squadron of ships. Had they intervened, Philippine history would have been very different.
I had another question, when Cuba was given independence and Puerto Rico adn the Philippines not.
1) There was a substantial "Cuban" emigre population in the U.S.
-The Philippine independence movement of illustrado emigres were based in mainly in MADRID, or maybe even PARIS, not in WASHINGTON D.C., while they were expert propagandists in the Spanish language, not one was particularly well versed or could effectively propagandize in American English.
But you see, no Filipino could have predicted that the U.S. would someday be a major player in future of the Philippines. The illustrado game plan was to enlist the support of Spanish liberal politicians to effect reforms. These efforts actually became even more pronounced as Aguinaldo agreed to end his armed insurrection and go into exile in 1897.
Who knows what would have happened if the U.S.S. Maine didn't blow up in Havana harbor in 1898?
2) This "Cuban" emigre' population became very influential among U.S. politicians and newspaper barons.
Many of them learned to speak and address crowds in English, which consequently gave them an edge in getting U.S. public opinion on their side.
3) There was a "color bar" strictly enforced in those days of racial segregation.
As a general rule, no "responisble" white power can grant political independence to a nation under its ward UNLESS THAT NATION HAD A WHITE MINORITY OF "ELDERS" THAT WILL GOVERN OVER IT.
The Cubans had "white leaders" (Jose Marti, Calixto Garcia etc.) as well as "colored leaders" (Antonio Maceo).
-The Philippine independence movement only had a few mestizos, the top leadership being asiatics, and almost all were below 30 years old.
-Even the anti-imperialist factions in America were not entirely free from using racism as a reason why the U.S. should not annex the Philippines, many of them feared that 11 million or so non-white Filipinos being incorporated as "citizens" would eventually pose a serious challenge to a white dominated American society.
4) The U.S. went to war against Spain under the premise that it did so to "free" the Cuban population against "Spanish barbarism and brutality".
This meant that the U.S. had to keep its pledge to the Cubans in helping gain their independence.
5) Puerto Rico and the Philippines were seized by the Americans originally as a "strategic measure".
It was reasoned that the revenues from continued Spanish possession of Puerto Rico and the Philippines "helped" the Spanish maintain their hold on Cuba.
Why didn't Puerto Rico fight like the Philippines? They started thier revolt in the 1860s against Spain, why did they just allow themselves to be annexed without a fight? Did they get a better deal from the US than the Filipinos?
Unlike the Cubans and Filipinos, the Puerto Ricans did gain autonomy from Spain, although very short lived as the Spanish-American war broke out almost immediately after its first elections. Perhaps they didn't really bother to ressist U.S. annexation in view of their confidence that they could get similar terms under the U.S. peacefully, which they did.