Post by legionnaire on Nov 25, 2008 3:17:58 GMT -5
Those are members of the Early Philippine Constabulary. They are wearing grey tunics called "Camano" Uniforms with white trousers. And since they are using "captured" Spanish Mausers issued to militia/ civil police force like the early Constabulary units.
Philippine Scouts would have US Army issued Krag rifles and wore US Stetson hats and blue wool or khaki tunic and OD or khaki trouser uniform with canvass leggings at that period. The same issued to the US Infantryman after the Span-Am war.
Post by dimasalang on Nov 26, 2008 15:59:32 GMT -5
Correct these are not scouts. They are PC's. The photo was mislabled "Native Scouts". I just found the photo and didn't bother analyzing it but wanted to post it here shorty after I seen it.
Anyways, if I remember right the Scouts were first issued the left over 45 caliber "single shot" Springfield rifles(used by some units of the Volunteers). Years later they were issued Krags. Any photos with them of the single shot rifles would be the earlier scouts.
Title edited and corrected.
Last Edit: Nov 26, 2008 16:05:12 GMT -5 by dimasalang
It's rather funny that the civil American authorities would issue the constabulary a far superior weapon like the Mauser instead of the Krag....a snipe at the Army perhaps?
But I guess this was but a reflection of the growing rivalry between the U.S. Army and the civilian governor-generalship (as to which department really had final authority over the islands), reflected in the rather cold relationship between Arthur MacArthur and Willam Howard Taft.
This intense inter-departmental and inter-service rivalry was carried on between the Philippine Scouts (under the Philippine Department of the U.S. Army) and the Philippine Constabulary (under the U.S. governor-general and later, the commonwealth government).
Last Edit: Nov 26, 2008 17:25:39 GMT -5 by RayAdillO
Yes, more than likely ex-civil guardsmen would have been recruited into the constabulary in view of their police/anti-insurgent operational experience, but then former members of the Filipino independence army were also recruited after the formal surrender of many such formations from the time of Aguinaldo's capture through the early 1900s. I would regard this a no loss of honor really, they knew the gamble was up and so they just wanted to restore a sense of law and order in the countryside against local banditry.
Post by legionnaire on Jul 18, 2011 11:14:15 GMT -5
Here's a brief history of Lt. Col. Paulino Santos when he received his medal of valor in 1935 for actions done in 1917 when he was a lieutenant.
He enlisted in the Philippine Constabulary. He was assigned to its First General Service Company. In 1912, he was promoted from private to supply sergeant, serving as such for two years. Simultaneously, he strove to upgrade his skills and knowledge by pursuing his studies. His perseverance paid off, for he soon finished high school.
In 1913, he passed the entrance examinations to the Philippine Military Academy in Baguio, then known as the Constabulary Officers School.
In 1914, he graduated, not surprisingly,as class valedictorian, and was commissioned third lieutenant in the regular force in February of the same year. Thereafter, his rise through the ranks was swift: second lieutenant in 1917, captain in 1918, major in 1923. He was adjutant of the Headquarters, of the Philippine Constabulary before retiring as lieutenant colonel in 1930.
As soldier, Santos served in the Lanao campaign in 1916, where he sustained wounds from a Moro spear, and in the Bayang Cota campaign in 1917, where he was wounded anew, but this time by bullets. It was in the latter campaign that he demonstrated extraordinary courage and leadership.
on 26 July 1917, as government cannons were bombarding the Muslim bulwark of Lumamba, on the lake shores of Lanao. Then 2nd Lieutenant Santos led his platoon from three companies of Philippine Scouts in penetrating the formerly secure redoubt, through an opening made in the barricade, and immediately erected a ladder to scale the first kota. Immediately, he and his men engaged its defenders in a bloody hand-to-hand combat, killing 30 of them, and thus preserving the lives of government soldiers. With only one casualty and four wounded.
For this exceptional military feat, Governor General Frank Murphy bestowed on him, the medal of valor, the highest military award, for “gallantry in action”, just before the inauguration of the Commonwealth government in 1935.
He was named President Quezon’s aide for the inaugural ceremony. Before the year’s end, however, he was named Chief of Staff of the Philippine Army with the rank of Major General.
the picture presented is neither gen. paulino santos nor gen. rafael crame (as manolo quezon III mentioned in his website). Gen. paulino Santos got his MOV in Nov. 1935. As you can see the person in the picture is wearing a 1915-1920's Phil. Constabulary uniform with a very early(earliest) Type I MOV. In 1935 the MOV (Type II Pls. see "Philippine Medals" by Robert Reynolds) design was a cross pattee.Ergo he is not Gen. Santos. And if you look at the picture very closely, he does not even resemble gen. paulino Santos! Is he Gen. Rafael Crame? He does look like Crame, including the Antonio Luna mustache...but he is not! Why? Rafael Crame got his MOV in 1920 when he was already a general!And by the way, he refused to accept the MOV awarded to him! Look at the rank in the picture- he is either a major or Lt. Col. If he is not Paulino Santos or Rafael Crame then who is he? If you have Maj. Emanuel Baja's 1933 book entitled "The Medal of Valor", the onlyFilipino officer (major or higher) who earned the medal of valor who can fit the the timeline when the picture was made ( about 1920's) is Major Antonio Costosa. This is a very, very rare picture of a MOV awardee wearing the first type MOV. I have been a medal collector for 7 years . I have been gathering data about the history of Philippine medals since then. I almost cried when I saw this picture because I recognized the Type I MOV. There is no existing picture or actual medal available (until this picture). Robert reynolds only described the typeI MOV but no pictures were ever printed because it was thought that no picture existed until now. i hope that you can support me when i finally write my opus on the history of Philippine medals.
N.B. there are 5 types of MOV (Philippines). hope you read my article on the MOV someday.
Costosa got the MOV when he was a captain in1920. Promoted to major in the same year but remained in this rank for about 2 years. he died in 1922. the picture was taken between 1920 and 1922
The Mauser model 93s were issued to the Constabulary in the early part of the American Occupation, because they were captured rifles originally from the Spanish arsenals. These rifles may have actually changed hands from Spanish to Filipino rebel to American then back to Filipino constabulary. While the Mausers were of a superior rifle design compared to the Krags, they were not standard US Army issue, and the 7mm ammunition for these rifles would have also been captured Spanish stock. Until the Americans were able to standardize and import uniforms, weapons and equiptment for colonial Filipino units they created, captured weapons were the practical way to go. These weapons were already available in-country. No different from arming Iraqi or Afghan aramed forces and police with captured AKs instead of M4s today. The Americans did however, appreciate the superiority of the Mauser design and this led to the adoption of the M1903 Springfields as standard issue. As for the Russian looking headgear on the PC troopers,....these were Spanish pattern peaked caps also from captured inventory. Gregorio del Pilar wore a similar cap in his famous horse mounted photo.