Juan Cailles is a lesser known but obviously one of the few very effective commanders of Filipino troops during the war with the Americans. Most well known officers like Del Pilar or even Aguinaldo earned their reputations fighting against the Spanish but were invariably much less effective in the Phil-Am War.
Cailles has the rare distinction of being victorious in a sizeable pitched conventional battle against U.S. troops at Mabitac, see.....
The following pictures are courtesy of Art Garcia who has graciously furnished copies of his photo collection for posting.
Cailles is half French and mainly operated around Laguna.
This is a photo of Gen. Cailles staff officers. Note the felt hats worn by some of them. By the latter half of the Phil-Am War. Filipino soldiers began to adopt the style of their American opponents in the the way they wore their hats and other accoutrements to go with their uniforms.
This is a "delegation" from Gen. Cailles' command meeting with some foreign journalists
This is a photo of Cailles wearing a white officers cap called a "curacha". Note the felt hats worn by the men in the foreground.
Last Edit: Sept 30, 2006 8:13:06 GMT -5 by RayAdillO
Thanks as well to you bravotwozero. Yes there's a lot of things about the revolution and Phil-Am War which needs to be rediscovered. Old photos are a resource which very few Filipino historians resort to for info and research. I'll post some more stuff as soon as I can get more photos.
One important point is the fact that the Filipino side was actually covered by the foreign press of the period (journalists from other than American newspapers), complete with their own photographers. This means there was a press pool attached to the Filipino forces. This also means the Filipinos were considered "modern" and "cultured" to enough to accept such coverage and abide by international conventions of war.
It was pretty much a very modern type of war with wire communications, barbed wire, trenches, machine guns, press coverage, photos, trains, shore guided naval bombardment, codes, codebreakers, spying, commando raids, etc.
Last Edit: Aug 6, 2006 4:32:51 GMT -5 by RayAdillO
Post by arnaldodumindin on May 11, 2008 11:01:28 GMT -5
I have more photos of General Cailles and his men that I posted in my website, 6 of them --- e-mailed to me by a friend in the Philippines who encouraged me to share them with others --- have never been published before.
Indiosbravos tells us of the neglected site and statues at Gen. Cailles's Grave. This seems very commonplace, alas as it has been left to the family descendants to upkeep the plot. If they are overseas or our hero has no relatives left, then it is completely forgotten. This is One more reason to establish a listed record of all sites from monuments. statues, graves, plaques and street name plates etc. related to the heroes of the 1886-1908? conflict. This problem relates to my discovery that is a functionary, a "Jobsworth" is in charge of the Mt. Samat Shrine & Monument. Employed by the Phil. Nat Army, she merely performs her minimum obligations each day without any wish or desire to improve things, or imbark on any ideas to generate money or gain finance to maintain the sight to a standard of even 10yrs ago. There is a list as long as your are that requires urgent attention before the site is closed to the public due to safety failings! Likewise although much has been done to improve the fabric of Ft. Santiago, there is still a sense of Laise-faire about the place. The tourist shop contained mostly the standard handcrafts, but I saw no books, DVD's, Art-prints of things related to Rizal or the Revolution. There is a life sized display depicting the execution of Rizal with all the figures (Rizal, Firing squad etc) which I believe is somewhere in Lunta Park. It would have been nice to see a leaflet for tourists, giving related sites linked to the fort. After 6 years and several letters sent to the Curator, & Minister of Tourism; the cannon left laying neglected in the grass, has only had the muzzle raise a foot on top of a salvaged piece of concrete. It's not that the Management lack money but that asking for assistance & help from volunteers and private bus companies is beyond their wit! I suggested in my last letter that there surely must be ONE building/construction firm in Luzon that would be willing to make a replica concrete base/carriage to mount the gun on. The publicity & benifacter's name plate alone would prompt many to undertake the job---if asked! Sorry, I will get off my box now. One question about Gen Cailles I have always wanted to know is; how the name is pronounced. In Spanish = Kaylies, but as he was of French decent, would it be = Kayess with no stress on the Y. Most certainly this general is a very "Hollywood" charismatic figure, if ever a film is made of this war. -David
Hi everyone! I am Chrys, one of the great grand daughters of Gen. Juan Cailles. It is true that he was buried in Sta. Cruz Laguna in 1951, but his remains were transferred to the Libingan ng mga Bayani after a couple of years. I am pretty sure of this. Then again I am wondering from the previous post that I read that there are still two guards guarding the grave of my lolo when he is not there anymore. I will go to Sta. Cruz soon to verify if there are guards there. Thank you.
I was always sort of mystified as to Gen. Juan Cailles physical appearance, especially that fancy moustache, then I recently read in an article "He was born in Nasugbu, Batangas, on Nov. 10, 1871, to Hipólito Cailles, a Frenchman and María Kaupama, a woman of Indian extraction."
Post by indiosbravos on May 22, 2010 8:57:46 GMT -5
David- welcome to the forum.... As far as we from Sta. Cruz, we always pronounced his name " kel- yes"....Am I right Ma. Chrys?
Chrys it's an honoured to hear from you....I don't know about that, I always assumed he's still buried there in Callos, in Sta Cruz Municipal Cementary. Thanks for the info. It's been more than 15 years since I visited that cementary since we moved all of our loved ones in the new one in Bagumbayan...it's just a statue not a real guard which makes it stand out from other's grave.
When he surrendered riding a horse in Sta. Cruz, a building behind can be seen in the picture.... It's still there. Escolapia- became a school for a long time now a municipal office.
Since I posted in this topic I asked two people to take a recent photo of the " grave" to share here to no avail.
I have had the attached picture on my web site for quite some time. www.ulongbeach.com/Battle_of_Pulang_Lupa.html After reading the topic messages here I just now have discovered the caption is wrong. It is not Santa Cruz Marinduque, rather it is Laguna. The philippineamericanwar.webs.com/collapse1901.htm site has a similiar picture but taken from the opposite side. My photo was from american photograher Munsey and was part of a larger album he sold in 1902. There was a surrender in Santa Cruz, Marinduque on April 26, 1901 by Lt. Alciano Pareno. However after looking at all the details I am sure this is General Cailles. Glad to add another photo to the group.