Post by pedroscollection on Sept 15, 2010 21:34:58 GMT -5
By the way - pls. e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org so I can send you the photo of the 3 evolution of ranks of the Phil. Revol. The 1st & 2nd evol of rank - was used by Bonifacio. (the 1st evol. of rank is not shown on this forum with your thread for Bonifacio).
Gregorio Zaide wrote in one of his books that Bonifacio wore a Barong Tagalog in Balintawak just like in the Monumento. But the accounts in Santiago Alvarez's The Katipunan and the Revolution state he had to change clothes at least once because it was raining hard. So it's not implausible he wore 'peasant clothes' during the first days of the Revolution like the iconic image of him. Did he wear the coat and tie everyday in his warehouse job?
As for later, I guess he wore the same style of clothes as Jacinto and Sakay (see photo)
Basically what Raymond Red used for Sakay. I imagine Bonifacio looking like this in Cavite and possibly in Morong and Balara, only with the red kerchief for iconic purposes.
The reason why some Katipuneros wore red pants was to pass themselves off as devotees of St. Bartholomew, as an excuse to carry bolos. Or that's what I've read. So we need not be revisionist in stating that they didn't ever wear red pants.
Last Edit: Oct 22, 2010 10:09:13 GMT -5 by mabalasik
I never believed the socalled "peasant clothes" Bonifacio wore. Simply because Bonifacio was not a peasant. Just look at the type of work he did, he would have to be wearing professional to decent attire everyday....I hate that look of him with the rolled up pants and sleeves like he was ready to plow the fields. Bonifacio was not a farmer in Manila. He had professional type jobs...I would say he had to dress the part. Look at old photos of his time and the type of clothing most natives wore on a daily basis around Manila...nothing close to bums off the street in worn and torn clothing. So I would imagine him dressing in similar fashion.
Peasant clothes, thats bologna. They just wanted to portray that image that Bonifacio was a struggler and fighter of the lower class, so he can be more associated with the peasant common folks. In reality, he was more likely doing better and lived a better lifestyle then most people in Manila.
Last Edit: Oct 22, 2010 5:40:40 GMT -5 by dimasalang
The timetable's very near Bonifacio's death, but the scene is set now. It's living history, where the audience gets to encounter Andres, Oryang, Jacinto, and some Katipuneros.
By "very near" his death, is he supposed to be in Cavite in the scene? Why is Jacinto there? Or is this set in the Morong/Balara/Metro Manila area?
According to Alvarez's The Katipunan and the Revolution, the insignia mentioned earlier in the thread was invented for and used by both the Magdalo and Magdiwang so their officers would be recognized by either faction. So if Bonifacio is in Cavite in the scene, have him wear the cuff insignia. But if he's, say, leaving for Cavite shortly, he shouldn't wear it yet.
Alvarez also says the Magdiwang uniform was supposed to be a black shirt and red pants, while the Magdalo uniform was just rayadillo. But at the time (first few months of the war), few were able to comply. If the play requires it, you could have a few Magdiwang people (officers?) wearing black and red to contrast with the Magdalo in rayadillo, and Bonifacio's own men in plain white.
In his own memoirs Julio Nakpil, one of Bonifacio's aides, called the 'Bonifacio unit' in Balara poorly armed and disorganized when he joined them in November 1896. But Alvarez (or rather, Ramon Bernardo and Genaro de los Reyes, whose accounts he integrates with his own) says Bonifacio organized the various Katipunan mountain bases in and around Metro Manila by appointing generals, or approving the appointments that the men suggested, for each base. De los Reyes himself calls Bonifacio "Generalissimo".
Months ago there was an independent film about Bonifacio's trial, Ang Paglilitis ni Andres Bonifacio. Here's the trailer. I haven't watched it and I don't know if the costumes are accurate. But if they have the "classic KKK flag" during the trial scenes, I don't expect the costumes to be accurate either. Bonifacio is wearing a uniform in this scene:
Last Edit: Oct 22, 2010 10:02:53 GMT -5 by mabalasik
Here's an interesting "colorized" photo from a book published around 1899 or 1900.
From the description, it suggests the photo was taken before hostilities with U.S. troops and local Filipino forces broke out... perhaps even prior to the surrender of Spanish forces in Manila. So it is clear that whole formations of Filipino troops wore white uniforms around that period. Maybe so too would some if not most of the Katipunan some two or three years before.
Close up of some "kepi-like" and "curacha" (early pershing cap) officer's headgear.
I just want to share this bit of information: the Katipuneros did wear red. This is because it was a great cover initially - by posing as devotees of San Bartolome, they were able to gather freely to organize without raising suspicion.
This is mentioned as part of of the official celebration of Bonifacio Day yesterday, November 30, 2011. Thanks to the City of Manila for putting it together - and to Mayor Lim who initiated the Bonifacio Shrine during his first term. Its almost right next to the Manila Cityhall.
Incidentally, November 30, 2013 will be special - it marks the 150th Birth Anniversary of Gat Andres Bonifacio. So I hope it will have the same media attention as Rizal 150. Or more.
He is truly a great hero - we should be proud of him and the Katipunan. One should take at least 2 minutes to read the Kartilya of the Katipunan.